This is the 15th of 20 posts I will be writing during the PARCC testing window of March 9 – April 10. If you’re interested in the growing master list of reasons we opted out of standardized tests in 2015, you can find it here.
Yesterday I wrote about how testing companies are generating billions of dollars in revenues off the backs of test-taking children and American taxpayers. That leads me to the next logical topic when a lot of money is involved – corruption.
Reason #15: Corrupting Public Education
In 1976 Social Psychologist Donald Campbell wrote a paper that introduced the world to Campbell’s Law.
“The more any quantitative social indicator is used for social decision-making, the more subject it will be to corruption pressures and the more apt it will be to distort and corrupt the social processes it is intended to monitor.”
Campbell’s law is pretty simple. The more we rely on one social indicator to make our decisions regarding policy, the more that one social indicator is apt to be distorted and corrupted. In the case of standardized tests, that social indicator is the “test score” and the social process is “education”. And now that we’ve placed a ridiculous level of emphasis on this social indicator, it is no surprise that we also see a number of different issues with corruption.
Take for example the scandals that happened in, Atlanta, Las Vegas, Philadelphia, and the one that should have happened in Washington D.C. but didn’t because Michelle Rhee has some kind of kung fu mojo with a lot of money behind her. In some of these cases, the cheating was committed by teachers or administrators hoping to save their jobs or get past the testing regime so that they could focus on what is actually good for students.
As an educator I can’t condone cheating of this nature, but I understand how it can be rationalized. If teachers view standardized tests as an unreliable measure of their effectiveness (they are) and view the hoopla surrounding standardized tests as bad for children (it is), then cheating in order to protect one’s livelihood from wrongful termination or cheating so that one can actually provide students with what they really need almost makes sense. Of course, I’m sure many of these teachers are just dishonest. In the case of Washington D.C., Michelle Rhee offered bonuses to teachers if their students scored higher on tests. There’s no better motive for corruption than the almighty dollar.
This leads us to another form of corruption in public education – the corruption that inevitably occurs when “public” is taken “private”. The best example (because it really is only the first to clearly emerge but there will certainly be more) is the privatization of charter schools. My friend and colleague Chris Goering has written about charter schools on EduSanity before. The original intent of the charter school has been perverted since it’s inception to fit the agenda of education reformers. Once laboratories of experimentation, many charter schools are now factories for test scores, and in this sense test scores are very much like profits earned by a business. They are the only thing that matters.
And a seriously disturbing number of charter schools have had problems with corruption. A Google search for “charter school corruption” returns 3,790 results. Many of these charter schools are part of privately owned networks. These companies open charter schools, receive taxpayer monies to educate students, and in some cases they steal that money. Take for example Illinois where a recent report found that:
To date, $13.1 million in fraud by charter school officials has been uncovered in Illinois. Because of the lack of transparency and necessary oversight, total fraud is estimated at $27.7 million in 2014 alone.
It’s not just Illinois. There are other examples in Arizona, North Carolina, Ohio, Michigan, Louisiana… and you get the point. Even the FBI has gotten involved with raids on a charter network to look for evidence of corruption. Heck, there’s even a blog dedicated to just compiling these scandals in one place! How is this all possible? Test scores. Charters continue to expand because politicians and the American public generally believe that they are better than public schools at raising student achievement – even though they’re not. And private charter schools are all the rage because we love deregulation and the free market! Well guess what comes riding in on the coattails of deregulation and privatization? Corruption. You asked for it. You got it.